Náprstkovo muzeum-Národní muzeum, Praha
ABSTRAKT: When the Czechoslovak republic was established in 1918, Prague became for some Slovaks temporal, for the others permanent or new home. Only a small part of federal officials returned to Slovakia after the split of Czechoslovakia in 1992. They founded here the home, or the new home, or the second home.
KEY WORDS: home, Slovaks, Prague, Churches, Czechoslovakia, Czech republic

Etnologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky, v.v.i., pracoviště Brno
ABSTRACT: Public houses were considered the „second home“, alternative to the traditional one, and they were poetically called so. They served mainly regular guests who enjoyed various privileges. Their relation to the pub was confirmed by nicknames they gave it, and especially their loyalty to the pub lasting for long years. Collectivities welded together in pubs were compared to families.
KEY WORDS: Public houses – Czech Lands – regular guests – alternative home

Etnologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky, v.v.i, pracoviště Brno
ABSTRACT: The article deals with the historic-ethnological issues of one of the binar opposions: own – foreign/non-local in love relationships and in the selection of life partners in the traditional rural milieu. It is based on sources from the Czech and Moravian territory from the 19th and early 20th centuries. It concentrates on customs, folk songs and verbal folklore as well as usual cultural communication. It describes the opposition own/foreign – local/non-local from the point of view of its importance for the cultural identity and integration in the community. Love relationships as one of the components of the universal opposition own-foreign possessed their own genetic memory and were influenced by the socio-cultural context of the time with its specific limits.
KEY WORDS: Opposition own/local – foreign/non-local – home – traditions – love relationships – wedding

Moravské zemské muzeum – Etnografický ústav, Brno
ABSTRACT: The article deals with the most important equipment of rural and urban household in the first half of the 20th century from the point of view of cooking, cleaning, washing, heating, lighting and cultural and sporting activities. The knowledge is documented with material evidences from the collections of the Ethnographic Institute of the Moravian Museum.
KEY WORDS: Household – rural area – town – food – cooking – dining – dishes – cleaning – hygiene – vacuum cleaner – washing – ironing – mangling – heating – lighting – radio – sewing machine – sports equipment – pram – school supplies – transport

Etnologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky, v.v.i, pracoviště Brno
ABSTRACT: The paper deals with the notion of home in prayers and songs recorded in oral tradition of the 19th and 20th centuries. The sources are kept in manuscript collections of the Ethnographic Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Motives of protection and blessing the house and family can be found especially in carolling ceremonies and wedding feasts. The comparision of manuscripts with songs printed in hymnaries shows the use of some baroque religious songs during wedding feasts and their survival in the tradition of the 19th century.
KEY WORDS: Prayer – religious folk song – wedding feast – caroling

Åbo, Finsko
ABSTRACT: Analysis of opinions of ethnologists and social anthropologists concerning the conception of a ritual. Christmas as holiday and ritual. Nature of ritual activities at Christmas. Characteristic of the idea of a „family we are living with“ and a „family we are living in“ and the application of this theory on the example of Christmas. The author analyses responses of 17 persons from the Aland Islands.
KEY WORDS: Ritual, Christmas and family – Aland Islands, Finland

Moravské zemské muzeum – Etnografický ústav, Brno
ABSTRACT: Small faience sculptures created in the second half of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century belong, both from the technical and artistic point of view, to the best products of Moravian craftsmen living in Vyškov, Bučovice, Ždánice, Olomouc and Valašské Meziříčí. A complicated technology of muffel colours with dominating red tones was used for their production. The Ethnographic Institute of the Moravian Museum Brno keeps a representative sample of this ware including sculptures of religious and profane character, saint pictures, holy water fonts, figurative saltcellars, a clock stand and an inkpot.
KEY WORDS: Faience – sculpture – Moravia – Vyškov – 1750–1850

Moravské zemské muzeum – Etnografický ústav, Brno
ABSTRACT: Evolution trends in traditional decorative techniques. Characteristic features of the transmission of the tradition: family and local tradition. Decoration as individual creation, magazines and courses. Old and new decorative techhniques. Spontaneous creation, school activities, organized institutional forms. Trade with Easter eggs and its influence on techniques and decors. Competitions as tradition revival. Functions of Easter eggs and their transformations.
KEY WORDS: Easter eggs – 20th century – Czech Republic (Moravia)

Technické muzeum v Brně
ABSTRACT: The present article deals with the contemporary state of lacemaking, especially bobbin lacing. The data have been obtained from questionnaires sent throughout Bohemia and Moravia. They contained questions concerning the lacemaking tradition, the transfer of knowledge inside and outside the families and motivation of lacemakers. The questionnaires were designed for various generations, from school children to women of mid-life and older age.
KEY WORDS: Lacemaking – bobbin lacing – handiwork – leisure – tradition

Národní památkový ústav, ú.o.p v Brně
ABSTRACT: Small sacral buildings in the village Starý Poddvorov and their role in the life of local people.
KEY WORDS: Starý Poddvorov – sacral buildings – history – meaning

ABSTRACT: The article deals with developement of the folk architecture in the city Brno region especially after 1918. Since that time the agriculture neiberhood villages were joined to this industrial city of Moravia as the suburbs. The Traditional architecture started to change.
KEY WORDS: Folk Architecture, Folk Tradition, History, Developement, Future

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