International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2021 (Vols. 1-59)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Special Issue dedicated to the memory of Vladimír Novotný is in preparation.

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'Vančata V, Hellerová D, Přívratský V, Zemek K, 1981: Main Questions of the Theoretical Basis of the Human Evolution Investigations. Anthropologie (Brno) 19, 3: 197-198'.
The original comprehension of the hominization process as of a process limited only to the origin and evolution of the species Homo sapiens has been nowadays defined with more precision and extend- ed to the whole evolutionary process from the origin of anthropoid apes over the origin and evolution of hominids till the modern man. However, the problem to be solved became so complex that it requires an extensive co-operation of specialists not only from biological disciplines, but also from other natural and social sciences, including philosophy. Together with the increase of the complexity and exactness of the research also the need to solve basic methodological problems is enhanced. The most important shortcomings can be seen in the structure and methodological correctness in the construction of hypotheses; they result first of all from the fact that the relation of the organism and environment and the role of internal properties of the organism (properties or complexes of features general in the framework of the given species or higher systematic units) in the evolution of the given line are not clear. For further, more detailed, studies of the hominization process it is essential to comprehend and correctly analyse the importance of the role of definite complexes of factors, which are the basis of the following four main factors of the hominization process: the bipedal locomotion, the brain of the hominid type and the hand-brain complex, material culture, hominid social organization developing into the human society.

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