The journal Anthropologie was founded by Jindřich Matiegka (left picture), who was Professor of Anthropology at Charles University
in Prague, on the suggestion of and with financial support from Dr. Aleš Hrdlička (right picture) in 1923.
Dr. Matiegka strongly focused on publishing evolutionary topics written by a broad spectrum of scientists from across
the world. He especially welcomed interdisciplinary papers from both the natural and social sciences, and
had edited 19 volumes by 1941, when Nazi occupiers closed the University.
Anthropologie - International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
The modern version of the Journal, which was resurrected in 1962 with the subtitle 'International Journal of the Science of Man'
by an internationally recognised Czech anthropologist, Professor Jan Jelínek, is founded on its long intellectual
tradition from before the War, and dedicated to pursuing the same aims. Under Jan Jelínek’s editorship,
Anthropologie continued to be a 'four field' journal, publishing articles from all the sub-disciplines of anthropology.
The name of the Journal was modified once again in 2013, when it became Anthropologie - International Journal
of Human Diversity and Evolution, in order to emphasize both its heritage and broad scope.