International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
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'Torliñska-Walkowiak N, Jerszynska B, 2011: Research report: Estimation of the frequency of dental caries in children living in the Middle Ages in Cedynia, Poland. Anthropologie (Brno) 49, 2: 185-191'.
The objective of this paper was to estimate the frequency and distribution of dental caries in deciduous and mixed dentition in the Middle Ages based on the examination of child skeletons from the Cedynia cemetery, in Poland. The study material comprised 84 child skulls with deciduous and mixed dentition. The material was split into two age groups: the Infans I comprising individuals from 0 to 7 years and the Infans II comprising individuals from 8 to 14 years of age. The presence of dental cavities was detected with the naked eye and by probing with an explorer. The total frequency of caries in the children medieval population from Cedynia was estimated at 15.5%. The most frequently recorded caries in deciduous dentition in older group was occlusal (4.9%), followed by approximal (1.9%). The data obtained from the study resemble other data for populations living in similar environmental conditions. Symptoms of caries were found most frequently on occlusal surfaces, which agrees with the referenced literature data. Caries was more common in the upper jaw than in the lower one for the deciduous dentition.
Caries frequency - Medieval - Juvenile individuals - Deciduous teeth - Cedynia - Poland

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