International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Cyrek K, Sudoł M, 2012: Artefacts or geofacts? Presenting a dilemma basing on the Early Vistulian finds from the Biśnik Cave, Poland. Anthropologie (Brno) 50, 3: 323-344'.
The aim of the current work is to attempt to clear up doubts connected with the intentional character of some of the finds, define characteristic features of pseudo-retouches and deal with the problem of re-deposition of sources on the Middle Palaeolithic cave site in the Biśnik Cave. Taking into consideration the character of cave sediments and the evidence proving their re-deposition, one can assume that also flint finds underwent partial relocation, which can have a significant influence on the interpretation of Palaeolithic inventories. Criteria for differentiating between the intentional and natural character of retouches has been established. The identification of intentional and natural character of retouches represents an important issue in the study of Middle Palaeolithic flint assemblages. Taking into consideration the intentional character of retouches among flint inventories of the Early Vistulian levels of the Biœnik Cave, three groups of artefacts have been distinguished: a group of tools with intentional retouch, a group of pseudo-tools with natural retouch, and a group of tools with natural retouch laid over the intentional one. Conclusions from the observation presented in article suggest cautious interpretation of flint tools from the cave sediments.
Biśnik Cave - Early Vistulian finds - Artefacts - Geofacts

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