International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
News: Volume 62 Issue 2 is in progress.

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'Schamall D, Teschler-Nicola M, 2010: Osteomalacic microarchitecture exemplified by a Late Antiquity skeleton and verified by BSE-mode in a SEM. Anthropologie (Brno) 48, 2: 163-176'.
Although rickets and osteomalacia have already been reported in archeological contexts and more recently have become a subject of increased interest, there are just a few of them approved by histological investigation. Here we present the results of a study carried out on the skeletal remains of a female recovered from Linz, Austria, dated to the Late Antiquity. Previous macroscopic inspection yielded pathological features which implied an osteomalacic origin. to verify this assumption we compared this specimen with a fluid-conserved historical vertebra with documented osteomalacia from the collection of the Federal Pathologic-Anatomical Museum (PAM) in Vienna; for this purpose, non-invasive radiological and invasive histological examinations, specifically the most promising, scanning electron microscope (SEM) inspection in backscattered electron-mode (BSE-mode) was used. this approach revealed not only the reliability of the BSE-mode technique for identifying such disorders in earth-stored ancient skeletal remains, but it also demonstrated its potential for distinguishing between disturbed bone-mineralization and taphonomic changes. We further ascertained criteria conducive to differential diagnosis of osteomalacia based on trabecular configuration and mineralization status of vertebral bodies.
Osteomalacic bone microarchitecture - X-ray-, histological-, and SEM technique - Late Antiquity - Austria

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