International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
News: Volume 62 Issue 2 is in progress.

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'Vančata V, Vančatová MA, Přívratský V, Zlámalová H, Chalyan VG, Meishvili NV, Mazura I, Jebavý L, 2001: Comparative Study of Growth Trends and Velocity in Macaca mulatta from Konárovice Primate Centre and Insitute of Medical Primatology, Sochi. Anthropologie (Brno) 39, 2-3: 191-213'.
One of the main goals of the research project on higher primate ontogeny is the comparative study of ontogenetic development on the various levels, intrapopulation, inter-population or species ones. To be able to generally interpret the results of research of rhesus macaques from Konárovice Primate Centre, Czech Republic, their ontogeny must be compared to that of other groups of rhesus macaques. This is the aim of a joint ontogenetic research project conducted in cooperation with the Institute of Medical Primatology in Sochi. The comparative study includes more than 170 longitudinally studied individuals of Konárovice macaques and 50 semi-longitudinally studied macaques from Sochi Primate Centre. The cross-sectional comparative sample includes additional 980 records of body mass for Konárovice macaques and 2,185 records of body mass for more than 600 individuals of rhesus macaques from the Institute of Medical Primatology of the Russian Academy of Medical Science in Sochi, Russia. The recording of the body mass in Sochi has started in 1983, which is exactly the same period as for Konárovice macaques. Comparative analysis of growth patterns of macaques from Konárovice and Sochi shows about one year acceleration of important ontogenetic events in Konárovice macaques. This difference in patterns can be very well proved on the developmental changes in body mass in both groups but the data for the rest of the body parameters can be compared for several age categories only. The pilot comparative study shows that similar growth pattern and growth velocity hold at least for some other body parameters like body height, limb length and circumferences. Macaques from Sochi are more robust with smaller body height, relatively shorter trunk and relatively longer limbs. Nevertheless these results must be taken very carefully because the number of studied individuals in best-represented age categories is still rather small. If we compare the ontogenetic development of recent man and rhesus macaques there are marked differences in body mass growth curves while the body height changes are relatively very similar. While the juvenile period is much longer in human growth, maturation period is relatively longer in macaques. In this feature the ontogeny of apes is much more similar to that of humans than monkey ontogeny does.
Ontogeny - Growth trends - Growth velocity - Sexual dimorphism - Body mass - Body size - Proportions - Macaca mulatta - Longitudinal study - Konárovice - Sochi

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