ANTHROPOLOGIE
International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
 
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2019 (Vols. 1-57)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
News:
It is with deep regret and profound sadness that we inform all colleagues: Doc. MUDr. Vladimír Novotný, CSc, a long-time member of the editorial board of the Anthropologie, has died on 30th November 2019 at the age of 80 years.

World Archaeological Congres 9
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
 
Full text of article
'Condemi S, 1998: The Neanderthals: A Cold-Adapted European Middle Pleistocene Population?. Anthropologie (Brno) 36, 1-2: 35-42'.
 
Abstract
The Neanderthals, a typical European population, are perhaps the best known fossil population with well-distinguished features. The attempt has often been made to explain the anatomical particularities of the Neanderthal fossils in terms of adaptation. Their traits would thus result from an adaptation to a cold natural environment. This hypothesis seemed all the more plausible, given that for a long time only European fossils belonging to stages 4 and 3 - recognized as cold stages - were considered to be Neanderthal. However, as we will see more closely in the second part of the present paper, we recognize today that the evolution of the Neanderthal lineage took place over the course of a long period of time and that certain Neanderthal features became differentiated before the stages 4-3. We recognize, therefore, that they cannot be interpreted solely as a consequence ofadaptation to a rigorous climate. According to the present state of our knowledge, it appears that the particularity of the Neanderthal population should be principally interpreted as the result of geographic isolation. Of course, this isolation must be related to the unique geographic position of the European peninsula and to the particular climatic conditions that prevailed in Europe during the entire Pleistocene.
 
Keywords
Neanderthals - Pre-Neanderthals - Proto-Neanderthals - Cold-adaptation - European Middle Pleistocene populations
 
 
 
 

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