International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Crubézy E, 1996: Surgery at the Origins of Agriculture: The Case of Central Europe. Anthropologie (Brno) 34, 3: 329-332'.
Study of a case of trephination and a case of amputation in the population recovered in the necropolis of Vedrovice in Moravia which belongs to the ancient phase of Neolithic Central Europe, around 5 500 BC. In both cases, the circumstances of the surgery have been a significant open trauma in cases of emergency and in the 2 cases the patients have survived several years after the intervention. These cases of surgery, among the most ancient in the world, demonstrate the availability of the surgeon's presence immediately after an accident in this first community of farmers, the high technique and precision of their interventions, and especially their maturity in the area of medical decision and in the choice of the most appropriate intervention according to the state of the patient.
Neolithic - Trephination - Amputation - Medical decision - Emergency

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