International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Deputte BL, 1995: Social Ontogeny in Primates: Semantics, Concepts, Facts and Processes. Anthropologie (Brno) 33, 1-2: 83-98'.
ABSTRACTO: ntogeny is one of the most complex issues in biology,a s it includes every process which leads to living, reproducing individual. When the individual is a primate, because of the dramatic importance of experience learning and memory processes), and the influence of the social group in which 'he is born, he becomes a unique eing. Social ontogeny refers to the ontogenetic processes through which a newborn develops into a social individual. Social ontogeny is a subset of behavioral ontogeny, which is itself a subset of ontogeny. All these terms are first defined to avoid emptying "Ontogeny " ofitsfundamental and essential meaning. It should be remembered that ontogeny refers only to an individual. The issue of social ontogeny is addressed using the general framework developed by Pailman (1982). This framework used a "Phenotype Approach" to ontogeny. The different methods used to describe the social development were briefly presented. It is emphasized that these methods are inadequate to address the question of the "Social Ontogeny " which results from complex, highly interactive processes. Multivariate techniques were described as useful tools for analyzing social ontogenetic processes. The behavioral differentiation and the two - main socializing processes, the acquisition of a behavioral repertoire and the development of relationships, were analyzed. Studies of the ontogeny of grey-cheeked mangabeys and rhesus monkeys served as examples. In the former species the influence of the variety of social environments was investigated, while in the latter one the behavioral sex differentiation was questioned. With regard to this question, the term "Diposotism" was proposed to specifically refer to differences infrequency of homologous behaviors betweenf emales and males, whereas "Behavioral Dimorphism would be restricted to differences in motor patterns bemeen female or male behaviors. The results of these studies emphasized the importance of interactions on the development of a social individual and the importance of the variety Ofthe social environments infants are born in. Finally, a modification to Hailman 's ontogeneticfunction was proposed. This modification is intended to accountfor the specificity of the primate ontogeny, namely its social, hence interactive, nature.
Social ontogeny - Methodology - Multivariate analyses - Non-human primates

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