International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Zlámalová H, Vančata V, Jebavý L, Vančatová M, 1994: Somatometry of Rhesus Macaques - Somatic Development Up to 24 Months. Anthropologie (Brno) 32, 3: 197-200'.
The research project "Complex study of postnatal ontogeny of higher primates — basic adaptive process, social structure, and sexual dimorphism" is the first part of the longitudinal study ofprimate ontogeny. It is a pilot study directed primarily at the study of 141 individuals of the species Macaca mulåtta from the breeding centre VÜFB Konårovice in the Czech Republic. Preliminary results of the ontogeny of selected somatic parameters are presented. The data analysed in this study have two sources: 1) Semi-longitudinal study that was conducted from 1984 up to the fall of 1993. This study includes 203 individuals (102 males and 101 females). Body mass, sitting height andfour basic measurements of head were measured. 2) Longitudinal study of the grant project, which currently includes 70 regularly-examined individuals subdivided into three age groups. Full set of 48 measurement' is taken for each individual. The measuring itself is based on standard anthropometric procedures (Martin and Saller 1957); some measurements were modified. 48 metrical traits are measured: body mass, body height, sitting height, 9 dimensions of head, 15 traits on upper limb, 12 on lower limb, and 9 on the trunk.Modified somatometry of macaques has great value for the description of their growth and sexual differentiation. The sample measured proves the methods to be reliably precise. Some specific measurements like body height appear to be very important for comparative studies of the ontogeny of body size and proportions in man and non-human primates. The preliminary results for five measurements are discussed. Sexual dimorphism has some specific features in the examined group. The body mass, head and chest circumference are significantly higher in males up to the 16th month, while the body height and sitting height are not significantly different in males and females. Values for all parameters are higher in females at two years of age.
Macaca mulatta - Somatometry - Growth - Pilot Longitudinal Study

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