International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Strouhal E, 2002: Relation of Iufaa to Persons Found Beside His Shaft-tomb at Abusir (Egypt). Anthropologie (Brno) 40, 1: 37-50'.
Skeletal remains of Iufaa found inside his intact Shaft-tomb at Abusir in 1998 by the Czech Institute of Egyptology have been compared with two adult skeletons unearthed in a corridor adjoining the Shaft-tomb, discovered in 2001. Craniometrics show a striking proximity of an old male Nekawer and a mature female Imakhetkherresnet. At the same time, the young adult male Iufaa, due to the very broad and low neurocranium and broad face, reveals a two and half bigger distance from both of them. If only splanchnocranic dimensions (except bizygomatic breadth) were compared, the three persons appear very close, Iufaa resembling more Nekawer (both males) than Imakhetkherresnet (female). Similarities between the three individuals can also be detected in cranial indices, cranial profile angles, cranioscopic features and postcranial skeleton (cranial variation of the spine and foramen arcuale atlantis). Craniometric comparison was not possible in a fourth person, male Padihor, found in another tomb 25 m east of Iufaa's tomb, because of the fragmentary state of his skull. However, on skeleton as well as in his body build and stature no features similar to any of the other three persons were revealed, making thus his blood relationship with them improbable. The anthropological results are discussed in light of the archaeological and textual evidence.
Shaft-tomb of Iufaa - Shafts 1/R/01 and 2/R/O1 - Skeletal remains of Iufaa, Nekawer, Imakhetkherresnet, and Padihor - Kinship analysis - Horizontal stratigraphy - Textual evidence - Abusir - 26th Dynasty

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