International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
News: Volume 62 Issue 2 is in progress.

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'Sachau-Carcel G, 2014: From field recording of plural burials to 3D modelling. Evidence from the catacomb of Sts. Peter and Marcellinus, Italy. Anthropologie (Brno) 52, 3: 285-297'.
An original methodological analysis of burials is performed using new IT technology which leads to three-dimensional (3D) modelling of architecture and individuals based on field documentation. The 3D modelling is of two plural burials that are part of the catacomb of Sts. Peter and Marcellinus in Rome (Italy). We proposed creating a 3D model of the position of each bone and each subject from field recordings using the drawings and photographs. Our research deals with the acquisition and restitution process of all human remains, funerary treatment and funerary space. The collected data permit an analysis of the relationships between skeletal remains and taphonomic events within the deposits in order to suggest chronological patterns. The possibility of visualising either a skeleton or a body from different angles informs the discussion on how the grave functioned. The simultaneity of some deposits is thus confirmed and the existence of phases probably related to several mortality crises as well. The elaboration of a process adapted to plural burials allows us to define a record protocol and restitution that constitutes an original approach in the study of funerary deposits.
Archaeothanatology - 3D modelling - Multiple burials - 3D numerical model - Roman period

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