International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Nerudová Z, 2015: On Site Settlement Activities: The Example of the Epigravettian Site of Brno-Štýřice III (Czech Republic). Anthropologie (Brno) 53, 1-2: 245-256'.
The open-air site of Brno-Štýřice III (Vídeňská or Koněvova St.) has yielded abundant evidence of Late Glacial (LGT) Palaeolithic occupation assigned, on the basis of techno-typological studies and 14C dating, to the Epigravettian. During excavations, an archaeological layer with concentrations of chipped stone industry, animal bones and hearths was uncovered. Although one type of raw material is predominant, the spectrum of raw materials used for knapping was much wider than previously considered. The composition of the raw material indicates contacts between the site and surrounding sources in Moravia. This paper deals with the spatial distributions of artefacts according to their techno-morphological study and types of raw materials used for knapping. The reconstruction of on-site activities is based on modelling a single accumulation of finds. The selected concentration, with an area of 100 m2, was spatially well defined, with the excavations revealing both its centre and periphery with a gradual fade-out of finds. Besides numerous lithic artefacts the site also contained fragments of animal bones, teeth, and some heavy-duty pieces. The homogeneity of the concentration area was demonstrated by the presence of all technological stages of the core reduction sequence of both primary and reutilised tools, and by several more complex refits of chipped artefacts. Although we cannot observe any anthropic impact on animal bones due to the poor preservation of their surfaces, the use-wear marks are evident on lithic tools – particularly burins and burin spalls. The numerous refits of short sequences among lithic artefacts indicate on-site activity which can be associated, according to the use-wear marks identified, with the processing of animal carcasses. This way we can characterise not only the single selected accumulation of finds analysed, but the broader Štýřice III settlement in general.
Epigravettian – Raw material – Refits – Spatial distribution – Settlement activities

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