International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Küßner M, Jäger K D, 2015: Die Besiedlungsgeschichte Thüringens im späten Jungpaläolithikum in ihrem natürlichen Umfeld. Anthropologie (Brno) 53, 1-2: 295-314'.
In Thuringia and adjacent areas, the settlement development was dynamic since the last Pleniglacial. In the northern of Central Europe is observed an early onset of repopulation and a very dense network of Magdalenian sites compared to the surrounding areas. The region on the northern edge of the Central European highlands, which remained uninhabitated during the Last Glacial Maximum was populated again from the southeastern and southwestern refugia. The site of Gera-Zoitzberg as northernmost locality with Grubgrabien shows that Thuringia was included in this early phase of the re-colonization before 19,000 cal BC. Sometime younger in the dating is the nearby site Gera-Schafgraben. The inventory can be compared with those of the Badegoulian, early Magdalenian and Kašovian, but do not identify them, and is addressed here as Magdalenian s.l. Whether a permanent use and habitation of the region is initiated by the people, who has stayed here, or Thuringia is uninhabited again after, is still unclear. At least with the early Central European Magdalenian of the 14th millennium cal BC begins the colonization that continues throughout the Late Glacial. Obviously, over the Magdalenian period increased the population density, which is reflected by an increasing number of sites. The basis of which was the outstanding natural environment excellently suitable for hunter-gatherers. Within the "Thuringian Magdalenian province" because of differentiation to form several simultaneous groups and inventory types. Long distance connections are to be reconstructed in the northern Central European lowland, west to the Rhineland and in the Paris Basin, southwest and southeast through Bohemia to Moravia. The transition from the late Upper Palaeolithic (Magdalenian) to the Late Palaeolithic (Azilian) was a continous but rapid process as adaptation of the people to changing environmental conditions.
Thuringia – Settlement development – Late Upper Palaeolithic – Grubgrabian – Kašovian – Magdalenian

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