International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Tostevin GB, Škrdla P, 2006: New Excavations at Bohunice and the Question of the Uniqueness of the Type-site for the Bohunician Industrial Type. Anthropologie (Brno) 44, 1: 31-48'.
Recent research has documented discontinuities in the technological behaviour of hominids during the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in the Middle Danube region. Attribute analysis studies (Tostevin 2000 a, b, c, 2003 a, b) have shown little to no antecedents for the flintknapping behaviours of the Bohunician in those of the Central European Micoquian. Further, these attribute analyses have shown close connections in the behaviours which produced the Bohunician in Moravia with the behaviours which produced the lower two levels of Boker Tachtit in the Levant. These analyses have been corroborated by detailed refitting studies (Škrdla 1996, 2003). While these discontinuities point to the Middle Danube's role within a larger, inter-regional diffusion event, the question of how many of the flintknapping behaviours characteristic of the Micoquian survived into the Early Upper Paleolithic in the form of the Szeletian, remains to be answered. To date, this question has been problematic given our lack of understanding of the relationship between the phenomena known as the Bohunician and Szeletian Industrial Types. All of these questions rest upon an understanding of the apparent uniqueness of the type-site for the Bohunician, Brno-Bohunice. Until the 2002 re-excavation of Brno-Bohunice by the Institute of Archaeology, Brno (Škrdla), and the University of Minnesota (Tostevin), it has been difficult to address quantitatively the variability within the Bohunician Industrial Type due to the lack of proveniencing and collection protocols of the original type collection. With the new collection, however, we endeavour in this paper to evaluate the similarity/dissimilarity among the Bohunician assemblages of Stránská skála IIIa level 4, Stránská skála III, Stránská skála IIIc, and the Brno-Bohunice 2002 collection. The resulting comparisons demonstrate the close clustering of the Stránská skála assemblages in terms of technological similarities, with a Szeletian assemblage, Vedrovice V, falling significantly away from the Bohunician assemblages. The 2002 Bohunice collection is more distinct from any other Bohunician assemblage than they are to themselves, but not as distinct as the Vedrovice V collection. The ramifications of these data are explored through a discussion of the meaning of paleosol palimpsests, refits, and activity patterning on the Pleistocene landscape of Moravia.
Early Upper Paleolithic - Central Europe - Bohunician - Szeletian - Lithic technology

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