ANTHROPOLOGIE
International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
 
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2019 (Vols. 1-57)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
News:
Vol. 57, issue 3/2019 is in press.

World Archaeological Congres 9
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Full text of article
'Urbanová P, Novotný V, 2005: Distinguishing Between Human and Non-human Bones: Histometric Method for Forensic Anthropology. Anthropologie (Brno) 43, 1: 77-85'.
 
Abstract
In order to develop an identification key for distinguishing between human and non-human osteological samples, bone structure of several animal taxa was studied using quantitative microscopy. Both domestic and wild species were included in the sample, analysed at both micrometric (13 variable parameters) and macrometric (3 variable parameters) scales. The observed data was first used to evaluate inter- and intra-species diversity. The least determinative parameters were then eliminated via stepwise discriminant function analysis. The most discriminating micrometric properties of compact bone tissue appeared to be: number of osteons in 1 mm2, maximum osteon diameter, maximum diameter and area of Haversian canal, and mid-shaft femoral cortical thickness. Ultimately, two different equations for discriminating between human and non-human bone are formulated. The first type uses only histometric properties of bone structure. The second type of equations combines histometric measurement and grossest morphometric parameter - cortical thickness. The latter equations correctly predict taxonomic classification in 100% of cases.
 
Keywords
Bone tissue - Histometry - Human vs. non-human origin - Image analysis - Discriminant function analysis
 
 
 
 

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