International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
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'Scharl S, 2015: Lithic exchange systems during the LBK-Post-LBK transition: dramatic change or continuous development? A case study from Northwestern Bavaria. Anthropologie (Brno) 53, 3: 375-386'.
In the southern part of Germany the lithic raw material procurement from LBK to Post-LBK undergoes a dramatic change – at least at first glance. With the onset of the Post-LBK period lithic assemblages are dominated by raw material from the Arnhofen flint mine in Lower Bavaria – a fine-grained banded tabular chert. The exchange networks of the LBK which had worked for centuries seem to have collapsed. This in turn is interpreted as the consequence of a crisis at the end of the LBK. For some regions, as e.g. northwestern Bavaria (Franconia), even depopulation is assumed. The analysis of flint assemblages from LBK as well as Post-LBK-sites in this area shows, however, that there are continuous developments, which cannot be ignored. While LBK exchange networks stay alive, contacts to Lower Bavaria are intensified, however. This is not only reflected in considerable quantities of tabular chert from Arnhofen, but also in the construction of a rondel which picks up architectural elements characteristic of several rondels in Lower Bavaria. Instead of a dramatic change we have to think about modified supraregional communication networks, which are reflected in Post-LBK material culture.
LBK-Post-LBK transition ‒ Lithic procurement systems ‒ Northwestern Bavaria

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