International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
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'Cherni L, Frigi S, Boussetta S, Elkamel S, ElGaaïed AB, 2017: Genetic structure of Tunisian Andalusian communities revealed by uniparental markers. Anthropologie (Brno) 55, 3: 305-318'.
Andalusian groups lived in typical villages in the north of Tunisia. The settlement of the Moor after the later wave of massive migration from Iberian Peninsula (1609–1614) resulted in the formation of these communities. The genetic relationship of these communities to North African and Iberian population was analysed in this paper through the typing of the HVSI region of mtDNA and 7 YSTR in four principal Andalusian villages (Testour, Slouguia, Qalaat El Andaleus and El Alia). Statistical analysis (Fst distance, AMOVA and PCA) from the data of both markers (mtDNA and 7YSTR) revealed a North African structure concerning these populations. The analysis of mtDNA haplogroups in every population shows a remarkable contribution of sub-Saharan and North African lineages (U6a) as well as Eurasian ones. The distribution of "Iberian" haplogroups (H1, V...) does not reflect the cultural criteria. The typical Andalusian village (Testour) lacks these lineages. However, its neighbouring village (Slouguia) undergoes an Iberian print attested by a higher frequency of these haplogroups. Less frequency of these types was observed in El Alia and Qalaat el Andaleus. These results were globally in accordance with a little contribution of Iberian men and women in the present genetic structure of Andalusian communities. This conclusion was explained by historical data of Moor literature in Tunisia.
Tunisia ‒ Andalusian communities ‒ mtDNA ‒ YSTRs

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