International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
News: Volume 62 Issue 2 is in progress.

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'Khudaverdyan AYu, Hobossyan SG, 2017: Bioarchaeological evidence for the health status of a Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Bakheri chala population (Armenia). Anthropologie (Brno) 55, 3: 319-336'.
Thirty-two skeletons from burial ground Bakheri chala were analysed macroscopically and X-ray for pathological conditions such as trepanation, traumatic injuries, infectious disease and dental pathology. This study has shown that average age at death was relatively high. Trepanation with rectangular sawing for the first time found in the Armenia at two individuals. Trauma to the skull was common, which suggests a high level of inter-personal violence. We here report a case of decapitation. Bakheri chala site showed a high frequency of auditory exostosis. The dental pathology conditions of this population were numerous. Agriculture introduced people to carbohydrates, or sugars, which affect the teeth and cause dental caries. The staple diet of ancient population from Shnogh river consisted of wine, bread, vegetables, and fruits. Males do show a slightly higher rate of wear than females possibly suggesting a greater proportion of bread in the diet of males.
Armenia ‒ Late Bronze Age ‒ Early Iron Age – Trepanation ‒ Cranial trauma ‒ Dental pathology

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