International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
News: Volume 62 Issue 2 is in progress.

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'López-Morago C, Enrique J. Estévez, Alemán I, Botella M, 2020: Dental health and diet in a medieval Muslim population from Southern Spain. Anthropologie (Brno) 58, 1: 3-15'.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health and diet of a Medieval Muslim sample from Granada in southern Spain (11th – 15th centuries), in which the sex and age of the remains had been established. Carious lesions, linear enamel hypoplasia, dental calculus and tooth wear were the pathologies examined in this paper. A total of 961 permanent teeth and 1009 alveoli belonging to sixty individuals (32 males and 28 females) were observed. Adult males exhibited significantly higher prevalence of tooth wear, while females exhibited higher prevalence of caries and dental calculus. The highest frequency of linear enamel hypoplasia was determined in juvenile individuals. Additionally, a peak age at stress of 2.5 to 3 years was recorded in the sample. This paper showed that frequency and distribution of dental pathologies in the Medieval population of Granada is very similar to that other agricultural European populations of the same socio-economic status during the same historic period. The level of caries and dental calculus could be associated with a carbohydrate-rich diet with only occasional consumption of meat. Furthermore, significant differences between adult men and women in the sample studied suggest different nutritional patterns during adulthood with females consuming food mostly based on carbohydrates in comparison to males.
Bioarchaeology - Dental pathology - Diet - Medieval population - Spain

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