ANTHROPOLOGIE
International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
 
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2019 (Vols. 1-57)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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Special Issue dedicated to the memory of Doc. Slavomil Vencl is in preparation.
World Archaeological Congres 9
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Full text of article
'Pfeifer SJ, 2020: Next stop: Kniegrotte? On the possibility of a Magdalenian à navettes in eastern Germany. Anthropologie (Brno) 58, 2-3: 199-214'.
 
Abstract
Kniegrotte cave site in eastern Germany is one of the most important Magdalenian sites in Central Europe. From a red-colored Pleistocene sediment package, a rich assemblage of lithic and osseous artefacts was recovered. In the faunal record, the presence of mammoth and saiga bones is noteworthy. The weighted average of nine 14C dates is 15,900 calBP, and thus the main occupation of the site pre-dates the Upper Magdalenian in Central Europe. This is in accordance with the presence of lithic triangles and the absence of osseous barbed points at Kniegrotte. However, despite the absolute dates the thickness of the find-bearing layer strongly suggests repeated occupation during a considerable time span which was not recognized in the early days of its excavation. Certain osseous artifacts and artisan craft works from Kniegrotte are without any parallels in the numerous Late Middle and Upper Magdalenian assemblages from Central Europe, but they display strong similarities to the distinct facies Magdalénien à navettes attested from around 18,500–18,000 calBP in France and at Maszycka cave in southern Poland. It is therefore possible that Kniegrotte was occupied already during the Early Middle Magdalenian. In that context, the oldest AMS date of 17,600 calBP from Kniegrotte obtained on mammoth bone could relate to human activity.
 
Keywords
Central Europe – Magdalénien à navettes – Kniegrotte – Osseous industry – Projectiles
 
DOI
https://doi.org/10.26720/anthro.20.03.26.1
 
 
 
 

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