International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2022 (Vols. 1-60)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Special Issue focused on the paleoethnology / ethnoarchaeology, invited Guest Editor Professor Jiří Svoboda is in preparation.

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'Falbová D, Vorobeľová L, Beňuš, R, 2022: GENDER-SPECIFIC ANTHROPOMETRIC AND BODY COMPOSITION ANALYSIS IN SLOVAK YOUNG ADULTS. Anthropologie (Brno) 60, 2: 319-328'.
The purpose of this study was to obtain the body composition (BC) characteristics, anthropometric parameters and indices and to investigate the correlation between selected BC parameters and obesity indices in the examined sample of 19–30 years old Slovak population. The studied sample consisted of 143 men with mean age 22.89 ± 2.48 and 238 women with mean age 22.09 ± 2.19. InBody 770 BC analyzer was used to detect the human BC. Results revealed statistically significant sex differences in all main anthropometric measurements. We observed that men had statistically significantly higher average values of body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR), waist to height ratio (WHtR), fat free mass index (FFMI) and body cell mass index (BCMI) and lower fat mass index (FMI) compared to women (p < 0.001). Furthermore, men had significantly more fat free mass, lean body mass, skeletal muscle mass, total body water, intracellular and extracellular water, protein and mineral content, bone's minerals and less fat mass, visceral fat and percent of body fat than women (p < 0.001). The highest positive correlation coefficients were observed between FMI and FM (r = 0.985 for men, r = 0.981 for women; p < 0.001), FMI and visceral fat area (r = 0.964 for men, r = 0.961 for women; p < 0.001); BMI and FM (r = 0.849 for men, r = 0.792 for women; p < 0.001), BMI and visceral fat area (r = 0.820 for men, r = 0.769 for women; p < 0.001) in both genders. In the present pilot study we found, that Slovak young men had significantly higher average values of active body components and the Slovak young women had statistically significantly higher average values of non-active body components. Furthermore, we confirmed positive correlation between BC and indices. These findings will be also helpful for future research to examine the associations between BC and physical fitness status, health parameters and others.
Body composition – Young adulthood – Obesity indices – InBody 770

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