International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
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'Dutta PC, 1984: Sarai Nahar Rai Man: The First and Oldest Human Fossil Record in South Asia. Anthropologie (Brno) 22, 1: 35-50'.
This study reports on the first and oldest definite evidence of fossil human find in South Asia. It is also the only oldest fossil hominid record In the Indian subcontinent. The human skeletal remains were found buried in the pedocalic horizon at a site near the village Sarai Nahar Rai in Pratapgarh District of Uttar Pradesh, India. Geologically the find dates back to the beginning of the Holocene epoch and radiometrically to 10,345 ± 110 years before the present. It further reports on the results of a fresh investigation in skeletal biology of the fossil by collating information on geology, climate, fauna, vegetation, associated finds and the behavioural pattern preserved at the Sarai Nahar Piai site yielding the fossil human record. Two characters of the skull call for special attention in the context of human palaeontology. The first one is the meeting of the anterior root of arcus zygomaticus with the mesial margin of the first premolars. And the second is the markedly thick coating of enamel on the generally large teeth.
Sarai Narah Rai Man - fossil hominid - Pratapgarh - India - South Asia

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