International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
Journal Impact Factor 0.2
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'Ehler E, Vančata V, 2009: Neolithic transition in Europe: evolutionary anthropology study. Anthropologie (Brno) 47, 3: 185-193'.
The Neolithic transition in Europe was investigated. We have focused on the models of this transition already proposed in literature, and confronted them with our data. Our study is based on physical anthropology data that we have divided into five groups according to the economy and ecology of the human populations within. These groups are: huntergatherers, first farmers, late farmers, pastorial cultures and Bronze Age. We have documented a sharp dissimilarity between Mesolithic and Early Neolithic populations, but on the other hand a strong resemblance between hunter-gatherers, pastorial and Bronze Age cultures. This phenomenon was probably caused by migration of agricultural populations to Europe in the beginning of Neolithic and consequent absorption of these populations within the more numerous indigenous populations. We have also discovered a marked difference in the body stature between farmer males and females. Higher mobility of females' genes together with limited admixture of hunter-gatherers and first farmers' male part of population might possibly be responsible for this feature.
Neolithic - Mesolithic - Europe - Hunter gatherers - Farmers - Agriculture - Migration - Y chromosome - Admixture

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