ANTHROPOLOGIE
International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
 
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2019 (Vols. 1-57)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
News:
It is with deep regret and profound sadness that we inform all colleagues: Doc. MUDr. Vladimír Novotný, CSc, a long-time member of the editorial board of the Anthropologie, has died on 30th November 2019 at the age of 80 years.

World Archaeological Congres 9
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
 
Full text of article
'Herrmann J, 1983: Tool-Making and First Stages of Labour-Factors and the Results of Human Evolution. Anthropologie (Brno) 21, 1: 7-17'.
 
Abstract
The so far insufficient fossil record of human ancestors of the period of anthropogenesis and hence the high degree of subjectivity in the views of various authors is emphasized. The reductionist approach of non-Marxist authors overestimating continuity and denying the natural qualitative difference between man and animals is criticized. The process of anthropogenesis which started with beginnings of la¬bour is divided into the following four main periods: 1. The biological branching of the human species (the HD-epoch) — 1.8 to 0.8 million years ago. It is characterized by transition to regular production of tools (artifacts), the growth of brain to about 775 ccm and the beginnings of sensory thinking and sound com¬munication (semi-human form, the ape-man). Period of Homo habilis. 2. The period of anthroposociogenesis (800,000 to 350,000 years). The tool making became dominant. Fire was used and labour began to be a process. The brain increased to more than 1000 ccm. Spreading to new climatic regions. Period of Homo erectus. 3. The socio-economic formation. 350,000 to 40,000 years. Social cooperation and a new type of thinking: Differentiation of the working process. Bone carvings and tooth amulets. The development of so¬cial forms of life and social consciousness. Marked increase in volume of the brain. The Neanderthal man period. 4. The ancient society — 40,000 to 20,000 years. The necessity of cooperation of various disciplines of both natural and social science is emphasized.
 
Keywords
Anthropogenesis - Anthroposociogenesis - Labour - Tool making - Brain growth - Thinking - Speech - Subhuman phase - Homo habilis - Homo erectus - Neanderthal man
 
 
 
 

 Full text (PDF)

 Export citation

 Related articles