International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Hrušková M, Kobzová J, Bláha P, Krejčovský L, Riedlová J, Vignerová J, 2009: Face dimensions of Czech Children aged 0-1.99 years. Anthropologie (Brno) 47, 3: 283-288'.
An objective monitoring of the changes of body constitution by means of selected parameters becomes possible under the presumption of existing representative reference standards. These reference data should be kept up to date. In the years 2001-2004, a cross-sectional study of linear, width, circumference and particularly head dimensions was carried out to achieve a general overview of the physical status of Czech 0-1.99-year-old children as a separate part of the 6th Nationwide Anthropological Survey of children and adolescents, Czech Republic, 2001 (Vignerová et al. 2006). The file consists of 2135 children (1080 boys, 1055 girls). The anthropometric data were collected according to a standardized (Martin-Saller's) method (Martin, Saller, 1957) or its modification. For statistical comparison sorting of the age categories according to the WHO recommendation was made. Our data were compared (Student's t-test, Z-score) with the results of the previous surveys of Czech children. In our paper we present part of the results - morphological height of the face, width of the face - bizygion distance, minimum width of the forehead, index facialis and relative growth of face dimensions (% of the adult size, % of the birth size). Comparison of our study and the 6th Nationwide Anthropological Survey of children and adolescents, Czech Republic, 2001 (Vignerová et al., 2006) in selected diameters - recumbent length (0-1.99 y.) and body weight - didn't show statistically significant differences of the mean values in general. Therefore our study could offer useful data on contemporary children 0-1.99 years of age to paediatricians, anthropologists and the general public for their use either in basic research or in the clinical practice. Comparison of results of our study and previous anthropological surveys which were carried out in the years 1966-67 (Figalová, Šmahel, 1972) and in the years 1983-87 (Krásnièanová, 1989) could indicate that increases of the mean values in morphological height of the face are accompanied with decreases of the mean values in bizygion distance and minimum width of the forehead.
Face dimensions - reference data - diameters of children - aged 0-1.99 years

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