ANTHROPOLOGIE
International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
 
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2019 (Vols. 1-57)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
News:
Vol. 57, issue 3/2019 is in press.

World Archaeological Congres 9
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Full text of article
'Khudaverdyan A, 2010: An analysis of physiological stress indicators In the ancient populations of the Armenian highlands and Eurasia. Anthropologie (Brno) 48, 1: 13-18'.
 
Abstract
Just as with the concept of physiological stress today, in the distant past man was also exposed to the negative influence of his environment. Changing conditions when populating new areas, along with changes in nutrition; the type and character of diet and the impact of a complex range of climatic and geochemical factors considerably influenced the success of adaptation. Previously studied paleopathological indicators have allowed the characterization of stressors in the territory of Eurasia from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age along with adaptation strategies that existed in the environment of the studied populations. The overestimated frequency of the occurrence of such indicators as anemia, vascular reaction to the bones of the skull, enamel hypoplasia, dental caries, lifetime loss of teeth owing to inflammatory processes, cases of odontogenic andosteomyelitis, etc., testify to the fact that the experience of people here varies in relation to the force and duration of internal and external stressors. The results of analysis of physiological stress indicators in Eurasia demonstrate that people had adequate reactions to their living conditions. As a whole, at the heart of interethnic distinctions between the indicators of physiological stress are genetic mechanisms reflecting the biological history of the formation of actual populations. Each of the factors ecological and ethnic brings a contribution to the character of the adaptive reaction of the organism.
 
Keywords
Paleopathology - Cryogenic stress - Nutrition stress - Enamel hypoplasia
 
 
 
 

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