International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Konášová K, Drozdová E, Smrčka V, 2009: Fracture trauma in Slavonic population from Pohansko u Břeclavi (Czech Republic). Anthropologie (Brno) 47, 3: 243-252'.
Fracture trauma is a common pathological lesion observed in archaeological skeletal material and represents the accumulation of physically traumatic events in an individual´s life. The aim of this study was to document and interpret healed fractures identified in the Slavonic population from Pohansko u Břeclavi 8th - 10th centuries AD. Attention was also focused on differences in types of fracture and fracture rates between populations at Pohansko u Břeclavi from the view of social stratification. Bone fractures were analyzed from 352 adult skeletons. The bones (scapula, clavicula, humerus, ulna, radius, pelvis, femur, tibia, fibula) of each individual were examined for evidence of antemorten fracture. Each bone with macroscopic signs of possible fracture was radiographed in anterio-posterior and medio-lateral projection. The fracture frequency was calculated for the entire bone sample and each bone type. Chi-square tests were used to determine statistically significant variations in the presence of fracture between the sexes and among the sites. The long bone fracture frequency was 1.4% and the majority of fractures was related to accidents. Injuries were more common on the upper extremities (2.22%) compared to the lower (0.46%). The most fractured bone was ulna (3.94%), followed by the radius (2.92%). Males (1.7%) had more fractures than females (0.9%). Four ulnar fractures could be technically classifiable as “parry” fractures. Our findings suggest that this Slavonic population was exposed to a low risk of trauma, probably related mostly to accidents during the everyday life rather than from interpersonal violence.
Paleopathology - Long bone fractures - Pohansko u Břeclavi - Slavonic population

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