International Journal of Human Diversity and Evolution
Coverage: 1923-1941 (Vols. I-XIX) & 1962-2023 (Vols. 1-61)
ISSN 0323-1119 (Print)
ISSN 2570-9127 (Online)
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'Valoch K, 1982: Die Beingeräte von Předmostí in Mähren (Tschechoslowakei). Anthropologie (Brno) 20, 1: 57-69'.
The bone tools from Předmosti in Moravia (Czechoslovakia). Předmosti near Přerov in Moravia is one of the best-known mammoth-hunter settlement in Europe. It was discovered in 1880 and H. Wankel, K. J. Maška, M. Kříž, K. Absolon, K. Žebera and B. Klíma took an active part in its research. The Předmostí site was settled several times in the course of the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic and the overwhelming majority (well over 90 per cent) of the tens of thousands of pieces of the stone industry (K. Absolon, B. Klíma 1977), as well as the entire bone industry and works of art (Valoch 1960, 1969, 1975) discovered here come with certainty from the so-called main cultural layer, from Pavlovian. The relatively rich collection of bone instruments of diverse shape have not yet been published as a whole, only isolated reproductions of few pieces are known. The analysis of the complete collection of bone tools kept at the Anthropos Institute shows that their composition has the specific features of the central European Pavlovian. Most shapes lack analogies in the west European Upper Palaeolithic cultures. Practically the same holds also for eastern Europe, only few, sporadically scattered artifacts of this kind have been discovered. Předmostí, Dolní Věstonice and Pavlov, three sites yielding practically identical bone inventory, form the core of Pavlovian, with its highly developed art and rich stone and bone industries.

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